Boxing Technique: First Combination

sb-first-combo-logo-150px-jpg The most simple representation of a boxing fight is a sequence of attacking and defensive moves. From this point, to learn boxing you need to learn these moves and learn how to apply them one after another in combinations.

 

 

 

Content:

1. Introduction
2. Weight Shift
3. Left Jab
4. Catch Jab
5. Counter Jab
6. Right Hand
7. Pull Backwards
8. Counter Right Hand
References

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Introduction

Here comes the question: is it better to learn few moves well or the more moves – the better? In other words, quality or quantity? The wisdom is that what you did not master properly not going to help you in the fight at all. This is why when you learn, each new action should be layered upon previous ones, which are already learnt well [1].

In this entry we study the combinations very similar to that, shown by Floyd Mayweather, Kostya Tszue, Connor McGregor and Mike Tyson below:

OPEN GFYCAT in a new window. Watch on YouTube in a new window.

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Weight Shift

Take proper stance and shift your weight, controlling the distance from your imaginary opponent. Movements should be smooth. The key is not to get tensed and stay always relaxed. You shadow box, not hitting the heavy bag or mitts. There is no need to hit fast and hard, you are simply learning the technique.

Weight Shift Principle

control distance: weight shift principle

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Left Jab

Lets add jab. We will cover more on jab in further entries. Here are just the basics. During the practicing, if you are trying to punch fast, do not extend your arms completely to prevent elbow injury. For beginners, we recommend practicing slowly. You throw the jab in such a way that your fist stops right when the weight is on the front leg.

Left Jab

left jab

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Catch Jab

Once you have attacked your opponent with your jab, he can counter with his jab. One way to defend from the jab is to catch it right in front of your chin. Imagine as if a baseball is coming and your golve is as a baseball glove. Do not go into a habit to move your hand too far to the right, because it will take time to bring the hand back to the chin. The reason is that if your opponent feints the jab and you, by the habit, move your hand far, you create an opening for the real punch.

Catch Jab

catch jab

No imitation principle

Your learning pace strongly depends on your ability to visualize the opponent, his actions and reactions on your actions. This means every-time you just mechanically imitate the moves, it is a waste of time. You do not really learn anything without the right sensation. In this example, it means after you throw a punch, imagine the punch coming at you, so you should catch it.

No Imitations

no imitation principle: imagine the opponent, his actions and reactions

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Counter Jab

We made a basic combination: a punch and a defensive move. Now we can make a full circle: jab-catch jab-jab again.

Jab Catch Jab Jab

full circle: jab, catch jab, jab again

Pay attention that all earlier moves are not affected by the new one. They should remain technically correct.

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Right Hand

Once you start reaching the opponent with the jab, you gonna get to him. It is time to set up your power punch. Again, proper straight right hand is a complicated issue. Here we cover only certain details.

Jab Catch Jab Jab Right Cross

jab, catch jab, jab again and throw straight right hand

Strong arm or power-line principle

According to Kostya Tszue, the power in a punch comes from putting right accent [1]:

“The arm forms a straight line from the shoulder to the knuckles of the fist (AB in figure below). You transfer mass from the rear foot, thigh, hip, body to the end point of your arm. This is called right accent. When I am shadow boxing, I hit lightly, without tension, but the accent is always there in every punch.”

Strong Arm Principle

strong arm principle

If you understand the concept of power-line, there are two options how not to soften the punch before the impact. First, the first in vertical, elbow is pointing downward. Second, when you snap your punch by twisting the fist inwards and bringing elbow upwards.

No setting up principle

Here is another point from Bernard Hopkins [3]:

“Once you stop for a tenth of a second and you know you gonna throw it, half-talent or half-knowledgeable guy knows you are going to throw it, because you are setting it up and then you let it go. Just throw it. If you think about it, this is this tenth of a second.”

The message is that when you are jabbing, do not telegraph your right hand by making an unnecessary pause.

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Pull Backwards

You need to do a defensive move after the straight right hand, because in 90% cases the opponent will counter with his right hand. Just pull backwards.

Defense: Pull Backwards

defense from right hand: pull backwards

Imagine a rope in your right hand. Literally, pull it backwards, reversing the movement during the right cross punch by shifting the weight on the right leg. Meanwhile, bend your body inside slightly, so your head moves away from the line of attack of your opponent.

JCJCD

jab, catch jab, jab again and right cross, defend from the right hand

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Counter Right Hand

Once you made the opponent miss with this right hand by pulling backwards, now you are in perfect position to repeat your power shot.

JCJCDC

jab, catch jab, jab again and right cross, defend from the right hand, counter with the right hand

Here is another tip on power. Start the right hand with the right leg movement. Then shoulder, then arm. Of course, there is no actual pause between the phases. Just think about the right leg movement comes first, not the extension of the arm. By doing so, you will learn to transfer the mass into the punch.

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References

1. Kostya Tszyu’s masterclass (in Russian)

2. Charley Burley: Analyzing Genius

3. Rashad Evans Meet Bernard Hopkins

4. Angelo Dundee – ‘Secrets Of Boxing’

5. Title Boxing DVD, Vol 02, Boxing Defensive Skills And Drills.

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